Quarter-Million in Texas Refuse to Evacuate... 'It's Time for Prayers'

Submitted by SadInAmerica on Fri, 09/12/2008 - 10:46pm.

Tens of thousands of residents who ignored mandatory evacuation orders were told "now it's time for prayers" Friday evening as Hurricane Ike, a 600-mile-wide monster that was gathering strength over the Gulf of Mexico, neared the Texas coast.

Hours before its destructive inner eyewall was expected to arrive around midnight, Ike's outer winds were already bringing 60-mph gusts and a massive storm surge that was projected to top the seawall in Galveston, the storm's apparent bull's-eye, and flood the entire city.

Officials in Galveston said as many as 40 percent of the city's 58,000 residents ignored evacuation orders, disregarding the National Weather Service's warning that "coastal residents refusing to evacuate face imminent and certain death."

GALVESTON, TX - SEPTEMBER 12: A man tries to rescue a car that was swept away by flood water caused by Hurricane Ike while trying to evacuate Galveston Island September 12, 2008 in Galveston, Texas. The eye of the hurricane is expected to make landfall at Galveston Island early Saturday morning. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)
5:50 p.m. ET, 9/12/08

Texas Gov. Rick Perry said authorities had done everything they could to evacuate more than 1.2 million people from the coast and "now it's time for prayers."

Ike's winds knocked out power to 200,000 customers in the region and forced the Coast Guard to cancel a risky helicopter rescue of 22 people aboard a large freighter ship that broke down about 90 miles southeast of Galveston.

At 9 p.m. ET, Ike was centered about 70 miles southeast of Galveston, moving west-northwest near 13 mph. Maximum sustained winds had strengthened to 110 mph; at 111 mph, it would be classified as a Category 3 major hurricane.

Forecasts frighten some holdouts
After a briefing from state and federal authorities, Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, said in an interview with MSNBC that the hurricane "promises to be one of the biggest we've ever had." As many as 125,000 homes could be flooded, with total economic losses as high as $100 billion, he said.

Cornyn and other officials expressed exasperation that so many people were disregarding mandatory evacuation orders. They blamed complacency after Hurricane Gustav, when hundreds of thousands of people left town last month only to see the storm miss the area entirely.

"Because Gustav proved not to be as dangerous as it might have been, a lot of people left their guard down," he said.

Several residents in low-lying areas close to the gulf told NBC News that they had initially planned to ride out the storm but that they were spooked by the warning of "imminent and certain death."

"I pray we're not going to be another New Orleans, but we'll see what happens," said Jerry McCain of Freeport.

The Coast Guard began airlifting several dozen residents from their homes at Bolivar Peninsula along the coast Friday after the wind and rain became too much for them.

But in Houston, about 30 miles inland, authorities were determined not to repeat the botched evacuation that killed 110 people ahead of Hurricane Rita in 2005. Residents of the nation's fourth-largest city were told to shelter in place rather than flee.

Louisiana levee breached
Meteorologists described Ike as an "incredibly large storm" more than 600 miles in diameter that could take 12 hours to move out of southeast Texas.

It was so broad that its eye was an almost-unheard-of 49 miles across. Authorities said they were concerned that residents could be lulled into a false sense of security after the front half of the storm passed, only to be pummeled when the back half arrived as long as two or three hours later. 

It could also inflict a punishing blow in areas that do not get a direct hit. On the Louisiana coast, a 50-foot breach opened in a private levee in Scarsdale, in Plaquemines Parish south of New Orleans.

A mandatory evacuation was in effect for Cameron Parish, La., where Emergency Preparedness Director Clifton Hebert said: "We can always come back, we can always rebuild — we've been doing it since 2005. But we can't do it if we're also burying people."

But ground zero was Galveston Island on the Texas coast. Galveston, a barrier island and beach town about 50 miles southeast of downtown Houston, was the scene of the nation's deadliest hurricane, the great storm of 1900, which killed at least 6,000 people.

Officials in Houston took a calculated risk and told people to stay put, NBC's Don Teague reported. That order was an attempt to avoid a repeat of the chaos and death that ensued after residents were ordered to evacuate ahead of Rita, when the number of deaths attributed to the evacuation was more than 10 times the toll from the storm.

The oil and gas industry was closely watching the storm because it was headed straight for the nation's biggest complex of refineries and petrochemical plants. The upper Texas coast accounts for one-fifth of U.S. refining capacity.

The prospect of major damage sent gasoline futures surging by 11 cents a gallon and pump prices to nearly $5 a gallon across the Gulf Coast.

Evacuees mostly accommodated
Thousands of evacuees began flowing into cities and towns across the other parts of the state beginning Thursday night, creating bumper-to-bumper traffic from Houston all the way to North Texas.

"People right now are in a panic. They are not driving their best," said Cliff Bost, a spokesman for the Texas Department of Transportation. "They are driving faster than they should."

At a rest stop south of Corsicana, south of Dallas, there was hardly a place to park. Anita Phillips of Montgomery, about 50 miles north of Houston, and her mother stopped there for a break Thursday night after they grabbed what they could and fled.

"All we took were our pictures, a little safe and the dog, and we're going to Dallas," Phillips said.

As state-deployed buses began making their last runs from the coast Friday, most major cities reported a steady but manageable stream of shelter-seekers, with only a few exceptions.

More than 3,700 evacuees had arrived by 1 p.m. Friday in Austin, the state capital. City workers were making plans to open a 15th shelter, but the city and the Red Cross said they did not have enough people to handle the load.

"We are very short on volunteers," said Leslie Schneiweiss, a spokeswoman for the city. "We didn't get as many people as we wanted."

In Lubbock, in the northwest part of the state, officials were hoping they would be spared having to accept evacuees. The city was already under a state of emergency after floods from an unrelated storm that Mayor Tom Martin called one of the worst in 100 years.

Freighter calls for help
Coast Guard Capt. William Diehl told MSNBC that the agency had rescued 65 people who were stranded after refusing to evacuate.

Shortly before dawn, the Coast Guard received a radio call for help from a bulk freighter stranded 90 miles southeast of Galveston. Twenty-two men are aboard the 584-foot freighter Antalina, which is registered in Cyprus.

The Coast Guard sent out five Coast Guard and Air Force aircraft, hauling rescue swimmers. But they were forced to abandon their mission because of 80-mph winds and took shelter in Lake Charles, La., Diehl said.

The Coast Guard said it was in contact with the crewmen and might be able to relaunch a rescue attempt later using weather instruments on the ship.

Ike's potential impact

The Department of Homeland Security provided this assessment of the potential impact of Hurricane Ike to NBC News on Friday:

Storm surge
572,000 people within storm surge area
6 drinking water plants affected by storm surge
34 wastewater treatment facilities affected by storm surge
54 police stations, 89 fire stations and 32 ambulance services affected by storm surge
10 hospitals with more than 10 beds affected by storm surge
47 nursing homes affected by storm surge
7 wire centers affected by storm surge
140 electric power substations affected by storm surge
48 non-nuclear generating units affected by surge
10 industrial plants including oil refineries and chemical plants are co-located with 41 generators affected by storm surge

Power failures
5.2 million customers may lose power in Texas
99 drinking water plants in outage area (only 14 plants serve more than 50,000)
More than 1,500 wastewater treatment facilities are in outage area
799 police stations, 1,973 fire stations and  641 ambulance services within outage area
256 hospitals with more than 50 beds within outage area
1,263 Nursing Homes within electric power outage area

Petroleum, natural gas
95 percent of Gulf of Mexico oil and natural gas production suspended
1.25 million barrels per day of oil production (6 percent) of U.S. petroleum demand
6.9 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production (11 percent of U.S. daily average natural gas demand)


Sources: Mike Kosnar/NBC News; Department of
Homeland Security
September 12, 2008 - 5:50pm - Source MSNBC
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Submitted by SadInAmerica on Fri, 09/12/2008 - 10:46pm.